TheSilmarillionWriters'Guild

Newsletter: September 2017

Table of Contents


SWG News

Silmarillion 40: Retelling all the angst and tragedy as only fandom knows how

On September 15, 2017, The Silmarillion will celebrate its 40th anniversary of publication. It was Tolkien's life's work, it took more than his lifetime to publish, and it is the reason we are all gathered here, so we cannot let this occasion pass without a celebration.

As most of you already know, in honor of The Silmarillion's 40th anniversary, we will be putting together a compilation of stories, poems, and artwork: we will post a story and/or artwork each day for forty days, beginning on September 15, giving a fannish retelling of this book that we all love.

A compilation is a permanent, themed collection of fanworks, housed on its own section of the site, similar to an online magazine. A new fanwork will be released daily, beginning on September 15th and for forty days afterward. You can see past examples of compilations we've done with Akallabeth in August and the SWG Fifth Birthday.

We have created a list of forty important events from The Silmarillion that will serve as prompts and most/all of them have already been claimed. Fanwork should be set roughly in the time period of the event you choose. That's the only requirement! Your fanwork does not have to be specifically about that event. Please note that each prompt has a due date associated with it. We will post your fanwork to the Silmarillion 40 webpage and our archive on the reveal date. If you are unable to complete your prompt, please let us know as soon as possible so that we can find a pinch hitter.

For more information about guidelines go to http://silmarillionwritersguild.org/silmarillion40/.

SWG August Challenge: Song of Exile

For this month’s challenge we ask authors to create fanwork about exile or exiles. You can find prompts – in case you need them - on our Dreamwidth community. Fanworks are due by September 10 to receive a stamp.

Want more challenges?

Check out our complete challenge listing for more than three years' worth of challenges to inspire your writing!

Have an idea for a challenge? Some of our most popular challenges have been created by you, the members of SWG! If you have a plotbunny gnawing at your ankle, a favorite quote, or a favorite character that you think might inspire others as well, please send an email to moderator@silmarillionwritersguild.org and we'll try to include your challenge in our next newsletter!

Welcome to Our New Members!

This month we welcome Pam2552, Hazel, Adalene, alikuu, Lordnelson100, feanorusrex, Cephaliarch, and valinorbound who joined the Silmarillion Writers' Guild community during August.

We hope you have already stated to read, review or post at the archive. If you are still exploring the SWG site or unsure about how things work, you may wish to browse our Frequently Asked Questions. We'd love to hear what brought you to the Silmarillion fandom and to the SWG, so why not share a little bit about your fandom persona by updating your bio? Anytime you need help, please contact the SWG mods at moderator@silmarillionwritersguild.org.


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New at the Archive

Completed Works

A Candle for the Hollow City by Lordnelson100 [Teens] (13970 words)
Summary: About the Nauglamír and the other side of the story. Of culture clash, betrayal, and lost art. We have our teaching, and the Elves have theirs. Through countless years, they have continued to tell their own version of events about the Nauglamír. Ever they turn the story against us, saying it reveals the greed of the Dwarves, and our treachery. They say that Elven memory is perfect. And yet it seems not so.  

A Rustle in the Underbrush by Lordnelson100 [Teens] (999 words)
Summary: Of the Petty-Dwarves, the Elves, and first encounters. What they told themselves, and others.

After Gladden Fields by Kaylee Arafinwiel [Teens] (650 words)
Summary: The first Crown Prince of Arnor comes to Mandos.

Back to the Shadow by Friendsheyho [Teens] (8149 words)
Summary: “You come all the way to Belegost to see the Lord of Himring?” “Yes,” says Amlach. “I hope you’re not here to impart a message of doom upon him—a memorandum that one of his brothers has died, a notice that the Dark One has broken the Siege, something like that.”

Defiant Hope, Take Wing by Lordnelson100 [Teens] (10191 words)
Summary: Caranthir the Dark does business with an Edain, and unwittingly gives rise to the hope of Middle-earth. Maedhros forms a plan.

Flames by feanorusrex [General] (588 words)
Summary: Idril watches Gondolin burn. 

Hope and Healing by feanorusrex [General] (501 words)
Summary: The closest thing to Bradir/Niniel fluff that has ever been written.

Horse Theft by heget [General] (1643 words)
Summary: Horses are both a dire necessity in the fledgling war against Morgoth and a pressing grievance among the Noldor during those initial years in Beleriand.Simply, Prince Fingolfin and his followers need them. And they don't have them.

Hunting by feanorusrex [General] (597 words)
Summary: Larnach's daughter kills her would-be rapist. 

I've Hungered for Your Touch by oshun [Teens] (10517 words)
Summary: Caranthir is offered a chance to read an unpublished diary entry. It’s a copy of a recently discovered ancient manuscript apparently written by Haleth the Hunter. It’s a follow-up to my previous story The Manly-hearted Woman, but can be read independently of that one. It is also an entry in the SWG Challenge Just an Old-Fashioned Love Song. (“...use a popular love song as a prompt to inspire a fanwork about romantic or sexual love. You will choose your own prompt from the list of love songs below.” I chose "Unchained Melody" by the Righteous Brothers: video | lyrics).

In Darkness Wandering by feanorusrex [General] (524 words)
Summary: Morwen and Hurin's final meeting. 

Invisible Suspenders: Sometimes Elves Write Songs by feanorusrex [General] (1173 words)
Summary: Fingon and Maedhros write a song. 

Outrun, Outlast by StarSpray [Teens] (8697 words)
Summary: Stay alive until this horror show is past Eregion has fallen; Sauron is closely pursuing Elrond and Celeborn’s forces, who desperately need somewhere to hide.

Pictures at an Exhibition by Robinka [Adult] (2031 words)
Summary: A series of drabbles, some humorous, other not so much, centered on the Sindar (because they deserve all the praise). Brand new one, written for the challenge Just an Old-Fashioned Love Song!

Rian by Tomour [General] (2415 words)
Summary: Rian, mother of Tour, faces the last months of her life.  

Swans by Dawn Felagund [Adult] (15430 words)
Summary: Against Maedhros's wishes, Fingon is off to a summer retreat in the mountains, a retreat designed by the Valar for newly reembodied Elves. Amid games of kickball and group therapy, Fingon makes a friend, discovers the Noldor haven't actually invented everything, and begins to grasp the complexities of his post-reembodiment relationship with Maedhros. Maedhros/Fingon, set in my Republic of Tirion verse.

The Lucky One by grey_gazania [Author Chooses Not to Rate] (9398 words)
Summary: A young Nandorin woman is saved from death by Amras and taken in by his people. Part 1 of a series.

The Tatyar by Silver Trails [Teens] (2333 words)
Summary: The lives of the Tatyar and the other two peoples in Lake Cuiviénen.

To Waves by hadastheunseelie [General] (3036 words)
Summary: A dichotomy is presented; Elrohir lives as best he can. "When Elrohir approaches Elladan he finally turns, and though for three thousand years they have dreaded this choice it does not make the beginnings of the pain any worse.Elrohir speaks first. 'I will not attempt to dissuade you from your choice.'Elladan nods, and it seems for the moment that is all there is to be said, but he speaks before the ripples in the river have twisted again."My brother-" he pauses, 'I will see you again before the end.'"

Up Where They Belong by Lyra [General] (4379 words)
Summary: A Justification of a Homoromantic Reading of Maedhros and Fingon. Written for the SWG's July challenge, "Just an Old-fashioned Love Song", inspired by the song prompt "Up Where We Belong" by Joe Cocker & Jennifer Warnes. With gratitude to Elleth, who gave me the idea long ago, but who is not responsible for any errors I committed herein.

Waiting by feanorusrex [General] (1238 words)
Summary: Fëanor in the halls of Mandos has one request for Nerdanel. 

Whispers In The Stream by just_jenni [Adult] (13046 words)
Summary: A tragic story of love between elf and mortal with some political issues that may be offensive to some readers.

Works In Progress

And They Looked Up and Saw a Star by grey_gazania [Author Chooses Not to Rate] (6196 words)
Summary: After the Third Kinslaying, Maedhros and Maglor take Elwing's twin sons captive.

By Love or at Least Free Will by grey_gazania [Author Chooses Not to Rate] (5104 words)
Summary: Short scenes in the life of Fingon and Ianneth, his wife.

Character of the Month Biographies by oshun [General] (138 words)
Summary: Each month, the SWG features a different character from The Silmarillion. For ease of reading and research, all Character of the Month biographies written by various authors are eventually all collected here: Character of the Month Biographies   If you know you are looking for one of mine, check the chapter list here. [Largely, but not entirely, in alphabetical order. The very newest few are at the end of the list--long story as to why which I will skip here! We do our best within the confines of the medium.]    

Hold Each Other by Grundy [General] (4317 words)
Summary: Carnistir had been curious about the firimar for a while, but he hadn’t seen them for himself until now.

I'll Be Yours If You'll Be Mine by NelyafinweFeanorion [General] (76382 words)
Summary:   Modern setting AU. Maedhros/Fingon. Maedhros owns a bookstore. Fingon is in grad school. Expect appearances from varied members of the House of Finwë. Except Finwë--he's already dead in this story. This is a modern take on how Maedhros and Fingon meet and develop a relationship. Brothers, sisters, family and roommates--the gang's all here! Cover artwork of Fingon and Maedhros by the incomparable cinemairon. So grateful, humbled and awed to have this amazing art be part of this story of mine. Check out the tumblr at http://cinemairon.tumblr.com

Maps by grey_gazania [Author Chooses Not to Rate] (12543 words)
Summary: Fingon, Caranthir, and the aftermath of Maedhros' capture by Morgoth.

New Directions. part two. by hennethgalad [General] (12013 words)
Summary: in part one, the crew of Eärendil were sent back to Beleriand from Valinor in a  new ship.       in this part, the wind changes for the Ainumanä and the crew meet some strangers.  

Sharpen your swords, O Elves of Nargothrond by maeglin [General] (4219 words)
Summary: Sundry tales of Elven politics.

Stolen Evenings by Tyelca [General] (973 words)
Summary: A collection of short stories, each one focusing on a different pairing sharing one (stolen) evening.

Thangorodrim Triptych by lightofthetrees [Adult] (2607 words)
Summary: A set of three ficlets. The first explores Fingon's interactions with his father and siblings after returning from rescuing Maedhros. The second involves Maedhros, Mairon, smithing, and symbolism. The third is a heart-to-heart between Fingon and Maedhros in which Maedhros confesses that he is going to pass the kingship of the Noldor to Fingolfin.

The Black Room. by hennethgalad [Adult] (11483 words)
Summary: Mithrandir protects Thranduil from a new weapon of Sauron.    (reading 'Dol Guldur' first will add to this) 

The Snakes and the Flowers by Lyra [General] (1257 words)
Summary: A young Vanyarin poet makes some clever observations, the relevance of which only grows apparent in good time. Inspired by Oshun's character biography of Barahir, and written for the "New Directions" challenge... and a different character altogether.

Two months by maeglin [General] (10085 words)
Summary: Short tales that should have remained untold.

Where the Ocean Meets the Sky and the Land by StarSpray [Teens] (11554 words)
Summary: Eärendil has gone sailing again--this time through the skies--and Elwing is left to find a place for herself in Valinor, while the Valar prepare for war.

Short Works

Emotions by Silver Trails [General] (458 words)
Summary: Námo tries to understand the Firstborn's decision to leave Aman.

Far From The World We Know by Himring [Author Chooses Not to Rate] (168 words)
Summary: At the top of Elwing's white tower. Earendil has landed, back from traversing the pathless sky, and Elwing has flown to meet him.

The Exiled and The Exiles by LadyBrooke [General] (359 words)
Summary: The Exiles are coming to Lórien, though Oropher and Amdír have been exiled for far longer than these Noldor. 




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Character of the Month Biography

Anárion Son of Elendil

Oshun


(This Anárion is not to be confused with another Anárion, the eighth ruler of Númenor, who succeeded his mother Tar-Ancalimë under the name of Tar-Anárion.)

Anárion of Gondor was born in the Second Age 3219 in Númenor, the youngest son of Elendil and grandson of Amandil, the hereditary Lords of Andúnië who were counted among those called the Faithful. (A western seaport of Númenor, Andúnië, which over centuries had hosted visits from the Eldar, continued, despite Sauron's ever-increasing influence, to maintain a position of advocating respect for and obedience to the Valar.) Near the end of the Second Age, the Faithful had been labeled as traitors by the King's Men and were deported across the country to Rómenna. Anárion and his brother Isildur lived at the haven of Rómenna on the east coast of the island of Númenor.1

Along with his father and his brother, Anárion sailed from Númenor to Middle-earth, barely escaping with their lives. The ships of Elendil landed in the north while those of Isildur and Anárion found safety to the south. Anárion had four children (three are not named in the texts), the youngest of whom was his son and heir, Meneldil, said to have been the last of the Númenórean exiles born in Númenor in the final year before the downfall.2 Anárion was slain in the siege of Barad-dûr during the War of the Last Alliance of Elves and Men.

In addition to the usual recitation of his antecedents, birth, death, the number of his children, and his most significant deeds, this biography of Anárion seeks to analyze the importance in Tolkien's legendarium of this Númenórean lord gone from Númenor into exile in Middle-earth. Anárion is one whose family, name, and the history of his heirs and their demise are woven into one of the most important story components in The Lord of the Rings.

Yet, Anárion himself warrants but a bare-bones biographical entry in The Silmarillion itself: "Younger son of Elendil, who with his father and his brother Isildur escaped from the Drowning of Númenor and founded in Middle-earth the Númenórean realms in exile; lord of Minas Anor; slain in the siege of Barad-dûr."3 He holds an oft-referenced role in the fandom discussions surrounding the restoration of a king to Gondor and the reestablishment of the ancient realm of Arnor in the north. Although Anárion is given no dialogue, and there are the barest references to his deeds, the serious student of how Aragorn comes to fill the long-vacant throne of Gondor will immediately recognize his name.

One of Tolkien's enduring and often revisited themes is that of exile. All of his most significant protagonists are exiles of one type or another. Aficionados of The Silmarillion, of course, think first and foremost of the exiled Noldor and their long struggle against the doom levied against them articulated in the Curse of Mandos. Tolkien himself writes of the importance of the leitmotif of exile in his work and of the centrality of this initial "fall" to his many-sided history which begins in The Silmarillion and culminates in The Lord of the Rings. He explains that

[t]he main body of the tale, the Silmarillion proper, is about the fall of the most gifted kindred of the Elves, their exile from Valinor (a kind of Paradise, the home of the Gods) in the furthest West, their re-entry into Middle-earth, the land of their birth but long under the rule of the Enemy, and their strife with him, the power of Evil still visibly incarnate.4

We see the story of exile referred to again and again. For example, in the scene in The Fellowship of the Rings when the Hobbits first encounter Elves, Gildor immediately identifies himself and his company as exiles: "We are Exiles, and most of our kindred have long ago departed and we too are now only tarrying here a while, ere we return over the Great Sea."5 The exile story as a literary trope may involve the voluntary exile or the banished hero. The tale of the family of Anárion—the returning survivors of the destruction of the island given to the Edain in pity for their suffering endured under the terrors of Morgoth and gratitude for their loyalty and aid to the Eldar—contains elements of both tropes.

The Fall of Númenor and the Return of Its Survivors to Middle-earth

Anárion was the second son born to Elendil, the leader of the Faithful in Númenor, those friends of the Elves and Valar who maintained their loyalty to Aman and rejected—at great cost to themselves and their followers—the dark religion invented by Sauron that lured Men to worship the dark Vala Melkor. Tolkien summarizes the final days of the Edain in the paradise created for them by the Valar in correspondence: "But in a kind of Noachian situation the small party of the Faithful in Númenor, who had refused to take part in the rebellion (though many of them had been sacrificed in the Temple by the Sauronians) escaped . . . under the leadership of Elendil . . . and his sons Isildur and Anárion" rescued a small number of their closest followers and sought to reestablish a home in exile across the sea in the land from whence their ancestors had come.6

Now, Elros the son of Elwing and Eärendil, brother of Elrond, had chosen to accept the gift of mortality7 urged upon him by the Valar. Elros left his birthplace and led the Edain into exile in this western island paradise created for them, there to found a dynasty of kings. And yet the outcome of this attempt to remove a people from their native land in order to protect them from known dangers and hardship seems uncanny in its resemblance to the Valar's earlier plan to bring the Eldar to Aman the better to look after them there. This second attempt is no more successful than the first.

Similar to the manner in which the Noldor eventually rebelled against their protectors and returned to Middle-earth, after an initial flowering under Elros and his early successors, subsequent generations of the Edain began to chaff under the restrictions of the Valar and succumbed to Sauron's manipulations and scheming. Their rejection of the admonitions of the Valar of Aman resulted in the destruction of the paradisiacal refuge—not to mention collateral damage on a shocking level, not unlike the incalculable casualties suffered by Elves and Men in the Wars of Beleriand in the First Age. (One might be convinced that the Valar show a slow learning curve, i.e., "If it does not work the first time, let's try it again and see how it goes on a second try.")

Ar-Pharazôn the last king of Númenór, arrogant to the end, fell under the sway of Sauron, who appealed to both his vanity and his resentment, and became determined to seize the immortality that he believed the Valar withheld from him. He decided to violate the interdiction against sailing into the uttermost west. He amassed a great armada and launched a doomed attempt to conquer the land of the gods. Ar-Pharazôn's fleet landed, but was pulled into the giant chasm that opened between Aman and the mortal lands.

. . . and there came a mighty wind and a tumult of the earth, and the sky reeled, and the hills slid, and Númenor went down into the sea, with all its children and its wives and its maidens and its ladies proud; and all its gardens and its balls and its towers, its tombs and its riches, and its jewels and its webs and its things painted and carven, and its lore: they vanished forever.8

Elendil, the last of the leader of the Faithful in Númenor, judged they could be exposed to a cataclysmic response when the king declared war upon the Valar and prepared for such eventuality. With a mere nine ships among them, Elendil waited offshore with his sons Isildur and Anárion, and narrowly escaped the apocalyptic destruction of the Isle of Gift.

The chief of these were Elendil the Tall and his sons, Isildur and Anárion. Kinsmen of the King they were, descendants of Elros, but they had been unwilling to listen to Sauron, and had refused to make war on the Lords of the West. Manning their ships with all who remained faithful they forsook the land of Númenor ere ruin came upon it. They were mighty men and their ships were strong and tall, but the tempests overtook them, and they were borne aloft on hills of water even to the clouds, and they descended upon Middle-earth like birds of the storm.9

There is an interesting bit of trivia encountered in the notes upon the heirs of Elendil in the The Peoples of Middle-earth. Tolkien's notes reveal a breakdown of the ships which left Númenor for Middle-earth. In his original draft he had written, "Twelve ships there were: six for Elendil, and for Isildur four, and for Anárion two." He added a later note changing the number to "nine: four, three, and two."10 This is of interest to those who are puzzled and/or irritated by fandom online discussions which seek to describe Elendil's sons as co-equals. This concept simply has no basis in the texts. Isildur is always given precedence over Anárion, even down to the detail of how many ships each is allotted on that final journey to safety.

The Blood of Elros

It is tempting to use Elrond's simple summing up here to describe the eventful intervening years: "'But in the wearing of the swift years of Middle-earth the line of Meneldil son of Anárion failed, and the Tree withered, and the blood of the Númenóreans became mingled with that of lesser men.'"11 Mingled indeed but never lost, the line of Elros--the bloodline of Númenórean kings--is cited numerous times throughout The Lord of the Rings, referring to its hereditary characteristics reflected in Aragorn, Faramir, and even Denethor the last ruling Steward of Gondor. Tolkien clarifies in a letter that, despite centuries of intermarriage,

some characteristics would appear in pure form in later generations. Aragorn's own longevity was a case in point. Gandalf I think refers to the curious fact that even in the much less well preserved house of the stewards Denethor had come out as almost purely Númenórean.12

In The Return of the King, Gandalf reflects upon how Denethor manifests signs of a heritage dating to Númenor of old and the lords of the line of Elros. This is described as more than cultural similarities, but seems to be genetic. Gandalf explains, "He is not as other men of this time, Pippin, and whatever be his descent from father to son, by some chance the blood of Westernesse runs nearly true in him; as it does in his other son, Faramir, and yet did not in Boromir whom he loved best."13

Pippin notes, observing Denethor and Gandalf locking horns in Minas Tirith, a refinement and nobility about Denethor, which one who knew what to look for might have considered to be similar to the signs of high Númenórean heritage. A legacy that would be observed in both Aragorn and Faramir as well, "Denethor looked indeed much more like a great wizard than Gandalf did, more kingly, beautiful, and powerful; and older. Yet by a sense other than sight Pippin perceived that Gandalf had the greater power and the deeper wisdom, and a majesty that was veiled."14 If course, the repeat reader knows, as Pippin could not have, that Denethor by this time was ensnarled at the deepest point of his decline, driven into despair and madness, due to his repeated use of the seeing stone and attempts to withstand the continued assaults upon his will and mind by Sauron.

It is Pippin also who describes Faramir for the reader:

Here was one with an air of high nobility such as Aragorn at times revealed, less high perhaps, yet also less incalculable and remote: one of the Kings of Men born into a later time, but touched with the wisdom and sadness of the Elder Race. He knew now why Beregond spoke his name with love. He was a captain that men would follow, that he would follow, even under the shadow of the black wings.15

Tolkien describes the legacy of Isildur and Anárion, so much closer to the origins of that legendary bloodline than the above-referenced characters from The Lord of the Rings, and how they were able to establish and preserve

a kind of diminished memory of Númenor in Exile on the coasts of Middle-earth – inheriting the hatred of Sauron, the friendship of the Elves, the knowledge of the True God, and (less happily) the yearning for longevity, and the habit of embalming and the building of splendid tombs.16

The Kingdoms of Isildur and Anárion

Backtracking and filling in some significant details, the reader will find that Anárion is mentioned early in the eloquent passages of exposition in Elrond's narrative of the history of the One Ring, early in The Lord of Rings, at the council he called among those gathered in Rivendell.

Of Númenor he spoke, its glory and its fall, and the return of the Kings of Men to Middle-earth out of the deeps of the Sea, borne upon the wings of storm. Then Elendil the Tall and mighty sons, Isildur and Anárion, became great lords; and the North-realm they made in Arnor, and the South-realm in Gondor above the mouths of Anduin.17

When the ships of the survivors fleeing the destruction of Númenor reached Middle-earth, they were separated by the great winds and waves generated by the destruction of the island: "Elendil was cast up by the waves in the land of Lindon, and he was befriended by Gil-galad. Thence he passed up the River Lhûn, and beyond Ered Luin he established his realm."18 The people who accompanied him settled throughout Eriador, but his chief city was at Annúminas beside the water of Lake Nenuial. Meanwhile,

Isildur and Anárion were borne away southwards, and at the last they brought their ships up the Great River Anduin, that flows out of Rhovanion into the western sea in the Bay of Belfalas; and they established a realm in those lands that were after called Gondor, whereas the Northern Kingdom was named Arnor. Long before in the days of their power the mariners of Númenor had established a haven and strong places about the mouths of Anduin, in despite of Sauron in the Black Land that lay nigh upon the east. In the later days to this haven came only the Faithful of Númenor, and many therefore of the folk of the coastlands in that region were in whole or in part akin to the Elf-friends and the people of Elendil, and they welcomed his sons.19

Elendil ruled as their high king from his seat of power in Annúminas. The seat of the high king of the exiled Númenóreans was not in the south in Gondor, but in the north. The true line of Elendil is carried by the heirs of Isildur in north and not the descendants of Anárion, and certainly not by the representatives of that failed line represented in proxy by the Stewards of Gondor.

In Minas Ithil was the house of Isildur, and in Minas Anor the house of Anárion, but they shared the realm between them and their thrones were set side by side in the Great Hall of Osgiliath. These were the chief dwellings of the Númenóreans in Gondor, but other works marvellous and strong they built in the land in the days of their power, at the Argonath, and at Aglarond, and at Erech; and in the circle of Angrenost, which Men called Isengard, they made the Pinnacle of Orthanc of unbreakable stone.20

Elendil, Isildur, and Anárion settled their people in Middle-earth, building fine cities of stone, raising monuments, and attempting preserve and expand upon the arts, crafts, and lore that they had brought with them from Númenor. But they were not left in peace to continue as they began after the destruction of Númenor. The Sauron and his servants harried those kingdoms directly and indirectly until the War of the Last Alliance and beyond through the War of the Rings.

Many Elves and many mighty Men, and many of their friends, had perished in the war. Anárion was slain, and Isildur was slain; and Gil-galad and Elendil were no more. Never again shall there be any such league of Elves and Men; for Men multiply and the Firstborn decrease, and the two kindreds are estranged. And ever since that day the race of Númenor has decayed, and the span of their years has lessened.21

Who was the true heir to the throne of Gondor?

An almost entirely facetious discussion is at times entered into within Tolkien fandom circles concerning whether Aragorn is even a legitimate heir to the kingship of Gondor. Well, for starters, it is essential to note that not only both Elrond and Gandalf agreed he was and Tolkien's authorial intent shines throughout The Lord of the Rings:

Yet the line of the kings was continued by the Chieftains of the Dúnedain, of whom Aranarth son of Arvedui was the first. Arahael his son was fostered in Rivendell, and so were all the sons of the chieftains after him; and there also were kept the heirlooms of their house: the ring of Barahir, the shards of Narsil, the star of Elendil, and the sceptre of Annúminas.22

The argument that only a direct heir of Anárion had rights to the throne of Gondor might have more teeth if Anárion had a surviving heir. But he did not. The descents of Anárion in the south diluted their direct line to Isildur by numerous instances of intermarriage with so-called lesser peoples, but Aragorn is the living representative of a line dating back to Númenor and Elros, which preserved that pure Númenórean blood. Denethor, Steward of Gondor, dismisses the line of Elendil in the north (reactionary, perhaps, but relevant in-universe given the semi-divine origins of the line of Elros). In The Fellowship of the Ring, Aragorn explains his bloodline to Boromir in Rivendell: "'But my home, such as I have, is in the North. For here the heirs of Valandil23 have ever dwelt in long line unbroken from father unto son for many generations. Our days have darkened, and we have dwindled; but ever the Sword has passed to a new keeper.'"24

But when Isildur's father and brother were killed in the War of the Last Alliance, it was Isildur who returned first to Gondor to see to the installation of his nephew, Anárion's heir Meneldil, as his representative ruler in Gondor, never relinquishing his claim as high king after the demise of his father.

After the fall of Sauron, Isildur, the son and heir of Elendil, returned to Gondor. There he assumed the Elendilmir as King of Arnor, and proclaimed his sovereign lordship over all the Dúnedain in the North and in the South [emphasis added]; for he was a man of great pride and vigour. He remained for a year in Gondor, restoring its order and defining its bounds. . . .25

Denethor, of course, dismisses Aragorn's descent from Elendil out-of-hand, calling the line of the northern heirs of Elendil degenerated beyond his lofty consideration. (One hears the echo of Sauron's machinations of Denethor's mind in his description.) Denethor says to Gandalf,

'And yet in our speech together I have learned the names and purpose of all thy companions. So! With the left hand thou wouldst use me for a little while as a shield against Mordor, and with the right bring up this Ranger of the North to supplant me.

'But I say to thee, Gandalf Mithrandir, I will not be thy tool! I am Steward of the House of Anárion. I will not step down to be the dotard chamberlain of an upstart. Even were his claim proved to me, still he comes but of the line of Isildur. I will not bow to such a one, last of a ragged house long bereft of lordship and dignity.'26

Now the divisions and disputes among the heirs of Isildur and Anárion could be reminiscent to many readers of aspects of English history, not least of which are the disputes relating to succession to the English throne after the death of Edward III in 1377, which culminated in the Wars of the Roses. Where one might look to find the true and rightful heir of Elendil and, therefore, the rightful claimant to the throne of Gondor, depends entirely upon one's perspective and one's choice of arguments. And there is no Elendil to clarify his intention. Tom Shippey makes an interesting point about the utility of discussing sources for Tolkien's inspiration. He notes that

All literary works bear some relation to the milieu in which they are composed and received, but we often do not realize how quickly elements of those milieux are forgotten. One generation's common knowledge becomes a later generation's historical footnote, if it is lucky enough to find a footnoter. But the knowledge may be important, and has a fair chance of being interesting.27

Tolkien certainly found the question of who is the rightful king of Gondor to be a worthy plot point. Conscious or not, the endemic arguments over centuries as to who had the best claim to which medieval throne must have had an influence upon this plot line.

Arvedui's claim of the crown of Gondor is rejected

"On the death of Ondoher and his sons, Arvedui of the North-Kingdom claimed the crown of Gondor, as the direct descendant of Isildur, and as the husband of Fíriel, only surviving child of Ondoher. The claim was rejected.... The crown was claimed by Eärnil, the victorious captain, and it was granted to him with the approval of all the Dúnedain in Gondor, since he was of the royal house.... Arvedui did not press his claim; for he had neither the power nor the will to oppose the choice of the Dúnedain of Gondor"28

Arvedui made the claim, perhaps out of principle and certainly with respect to his wife's claim, but decided not pursue it. He was stretched to guard his already claimed borders. Gondor was a long distance from his daily concerns. Eärnil was the darling of the moment in Gondor having protected the realm against outside dangers. One might see shades of the story of Henry V here—the Yorkist claim upon the throne of England was allowed to lay dormant for a while in light of the triumphant return from Battle of Agincourt of the Lancastrian Henry V. Military success and immediate popularity in both these cases allowed the discussion of the superior line of succession to lapse for a period.

But it is Elrond himself who backs this dark horse—the northern representative of Isildur's line. He tutors and fosters the heirs of Isildur in Rivendell, instructing them in the language, history, and lore of the ancient battles and long history of Middle-earth. Aragorn traveled first to Rohan and then to Gondor to learn more about the world at large. Elrond advised him to keep his identity as Isildur's heir a secret because there were those who might resent his claim, and widespread knowledge of his existence might endanger him as well. By his competence and intelligence, Aragorn won favor with Steward Ecthelion, the father of Denethor: "In much that he [the Steward Ecthelion] did he had the aid and advice of a great captain whom he loved above all . . . but no one knew his true name nor in what land he was born."29 We read that "[h]is true name and lineage were kept secret at the bidding of Elrond; for the Wise then knew that the Enemy was seeking to discover the Heir of Isildur."30

Tolkien notes that

[t]he Númenóreans of Gondor were proud, peculiar, and archaic, and I think they are best pictured in (say) Egyptian terms. In many ways they resembled 'Egyptians'—the love of, and power to construct, the gigantic and massive. And in their great interest in ancestry and in tombs.31

These Gondorian defenders of the line of Anárion, as opposed to going back further to the last surviving heir of Elendil, show a greater cultural similarity to Númenóreans in the age of their moral decline, rather than the Númenor defended by the Faithful under the leadership of Elendil. Before Denethor dies he argues with Gandalf, as noted above, accusing the wizard of intending to supplant him with a ragged, unworthy claimant to the throne of Gondor from the north.32

Meanwhile, Aragorn, this foster son of Elrond—schooled to be a king, long-tutored in the history and lore, not only of his house, but of the preceding struggles against the darkness dating back to the Wars of Beleriand in First Age against Melkor, represented by Sauron in the Third Age—is far from some unlettered rustic bumpkin. He often refers throughout The Lord of the Rings to his forebears and speaks of his close identification not only with Elendil and Isildur, but Anárion as well.

When the Fellowship approaches the Argonath, the tall stone pillars of the ancient kings, "the weatherworn Ranger was no longer there. In the stern sat Aragorn son of Arathorn, proud and erect . . . a king returning from exile to his own land." This is a far cry from the description by Denethor of his house being "long bereft of lordship and dignity." Aragorn says, "'Long have I desired to look upon the likenesses of Isildur and Anárion, my sires of old. Under their shadow Elessar, the Elfstone son of Arathorn of the House of Valandil Isildur's son, heir of Elendil, has naught to dread!'"33

Aragorn remembers his ancestor Anárion with respect. Meanwhile, he and Elrond hold unto his direct right to the kingdoms, both northern and southern, of the high king Elendil, through the lines of both Isildur and Anárion. He accepts the throne of Gondor in the name of Elendil.

Then Aragorn took the crown and held it up and said:

Et Eärello Endorenna utúlien. Sinome maruvan ar Hildinyar tenn' Ambar-metta!

And those were the words that Elendil spoke when he came up out of the Sea on the wings of the wind: 'Out of the Great Sea to Middle-earth I am come. In this place will I abide, and my heirs, unto the ending of the world.'34



Works Cited

  1. The Silmarillion, Akallabêth.
  2. Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields."
  3. The Silmarillion, "The Index of Names."
  4. The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, "131 to Milton Waldman."
  5. The Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring, "Three is Company."
  6. The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, "156 To Robert Murray, S.J. (draft)."
  7. The gift of the Peredhil: "At the end of the First Age the Valar gave to the Half-elven an irrevocable choice to which kindred they would belong. Elrond chose to be of Elven-kind, and became a master of wisdom. To him therefore was granted the same grace as to those of the High Elves that still lingered in Middle-earth." Elros chose mortality and to accept responsibility of leadership of the Edain traveling to the Valar's Land of Gift and became its first king under the name of Tar-Minyatur. Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenórean Kings."
  8. The Silmarillion, Akallabêth.
  9. The Silmarillion, Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age.
  10. The History of Middle-earth, Volume XII: The Peoples of Middle-earth, The History of the Akallabêth.
  11. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Council of Elrond."
  12. The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, "230 From a letter to Rhona Beare."
  13. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith."
  14. Ibid.
  15. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, "The Siege of Gondor."
  16. The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, "156 To Robert Murray, S.J. (draft)."
  17. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Council of Elrond."
  18. The Silmarillion, Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age.
  19. Ibid.
  20. Ibid.
  21. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Council of Elrond."
  22. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Appendix A, "Annals of the Kings and Rulers: Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur."
  23. Valandil is an heir of Isildur. Isildur and his three elder sons all perished in the Disaster of the Gladden Fields and Valandil was his only surviving heir, hence the references in The Lord of the Rings to the Dúnedain of the north following their line from Valandil. Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields."
  24. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Council of Elrond."
  25. Unfinished Tales, The Disaster of the Gladden Fields.
  26. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, "The Pyre of Denethor."
  27. Tom Shippey, "Introduction" in Tolkien and the Study of His Sources, ed. Jason Fisher (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2011), Kindle Edition.
  28. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings" and "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion."
  29. Ibid.
  30. Ibid.
  31. The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, "281 From a letter to Rayner Unwin."
  32. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, "The Pyre of Denethor."
  33. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Great River."
  34. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, "The Steward and the King."



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Around the World and Web

Articles of Interest

Each month, the SWG newsletter features links to articles that our members might find interesting. Do you have something you'd like to suggest? An interesting essay or discussion going on in your journal or blog? Drop us a line at moderator@silmarillionwritersguild.org and we'll add your article, essay, or post to our next newsletter!

It should go without saying, but just in case it bears repeating, any opinions expressed in these links are not necessarily that of the SWG and its moderators.

The Tokien Biopic: Casting News

Development on Dome Karukoski's Tolkien Biopic is continuing. New descriptions about the movie's plot describe a focus on Tolkien's pre-WWI friendships in the TCBS and the love and inspiration they provided. However, the latest casting news concern Edith Tolkien née Bratt, who will be played by actress Lily Collins, alongside Nicholas Hoult as young J.R.R. Tolkien. Variety has more information.

Tolkien in Love Radio Drama

It seems that with the biopic progressing, Tolkien's early life is a popular topic at the moment. BBC 4 recently broadcast an hour-long radio play titled Tolkien in Love, predictably concerned with the love and courtship between J.R.R. Tolkien and Edith Bratt. It is available on the BBC 4 website until mid-September, so listen while you have the chance!

Riddles, Heroes, and Folktales Come True: Folklore in J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings

It is well-known that in his pursuit of a mythology for England, J.R.R. Tolkien borrowed from and reshaped the myths, legends and folklore of primary-world folklore. But, as this article points out, he was as acutely aware of story-internal folklore in his secondary world of Middle-earth. The article argues, for example, that it serves to establish a connection between characters and lends an air of richness and verisimilitude to Tolkien's worldbuilding. Read the entire article here.

'Not Unlike the Verse of the English' -- From Rohan to the Havens of Sirion

Tolkien's alliterative verses, strongly based on (and sometimes partially comprised of) Old English poetry, is used to famously memorable effect during the Rohirrim chapters of The Lord of the Rings. However, as Tom from Alas, not me points out, it is only one part of a rich alliterative tradition stretching from the verses of Malbeth the Seer to the First Age and Dírhaval of the House of Hador, who composed the alliterative Narn i Chîn Húrin, using an elvish verse mode. Read the full article here.

“One who cannot cast away a treasure at need is in fetters”.

"Aragorn’s words to Pippin on returning a Lórien brooch to the Hobbit reflect one of the fundamental concepts of the whole Tolkien Legendarium: it is dangerous to become unhealthily possessive of something as it can lead a character to either death, or moral downfall, or both." Using this statement as guidance, the author goes on to make a case study of an unexpected but nonetheless applicable character: Turgon and his love for Gondolin, in spite of the warnings that the city would fall. Find more details in the article.

Tolkien’s Map and The Messed Up Mountains of Middle-earth

Geologist Alex Acks has 99 problems with Middle-earth, and 98 of them concern Tolkien's map of Middle-earth and his use of mountains. Based on the mechanics of plate tectonics and other geological processes, they explain why certain features on the map - the angles between the Misty Mountains and White Mountains as well as the shape of Mordor, among others - are simply not feasible in real-world geology. Read their geological deconstruction here.

Announcements

Hurricane Harvey Fanaid Auction

On August 23, 2017, Hurricane Harvey hit land and caused record flooding in southeastern Texas, USA. The hurricane has wreaked havoc on southeast Texas and is now making its way through Louisiana. Your donations will help people with supplies, finding homes, helping animals affected, and treating injuries. There will be ‘buy it now’, ‘auction’ and 'custom request' options available.

There will be ‘buy it now’, ‘auction’ and 'by request' options made available. The fandom fundraiser will close on September 30, 2017. Find all relevant information, links and additional ways to help on Harvey Fanaid on Dreamwidth.

Fandom Giftbox: Needy Gift Boxes

Fandom Giftbox is a summer fanworks gifting fest inspired by Fandom Stocking with a minimum participation requirement of 100 words or 100x100 pixels. The exchange is set for reveals on September 23, and currently a number of participants (many of them with Tolkien requests) have received less than two gifts. Feel like jumping in and lending a hand? Check the guidelines and find a list of needy gift boxes here.

Trick or Treat Fanworks Exchange

True to its name, a Trick or Treat is a low stress exchange based on Halloween and Trick or Treating with a minimum of 300 words or a clean sketch piece of artwork; requests can include tricks (horror, occult, supernatural, or scary topics) or treats (sweet, sexy, or fluffy fanworks). Nominations are ongoing until September 8; signups will open from September 11 - 18. Fanworks are due on October 23, for reveals on October 31. Don't see your favourite Tolkien characters in the tag set yet? Nominate them!

Terrifying Tolkien Week 2017

In more seasonal news, prompts for Terrifying Tolkien Week on tumblr, an annual celebration of all the darker aspects of the Legendarium set to take place in the final October week, have been revealed, with separate prompt sets for art, writing and graphics. Participate by posting your fanworks into the #terrifyingtolkien tag and find the 2017 prompts here.

Ladies Bingo: Round 5

Ladies Bingo is a bingo challenge for creative works about the relationships between women. It runs for seven months (from September until March). Players create works to fill squares in a bingo card and gain points for the patterns they make. When the challenge ends in March winners are announced based on the number of points amassed.

The motivation behind the community is to encourage people to make creative works focused on female characters and their relationships. Find more information and how to sign up on their Dreamwidth account.

Sapphic September

Like its cousin Femslash February, Sapphic September is a month-long celebration of femslash and femslash fanworks. A prompt set has been posted; it's open for any fandom and medium. Post your contributions into the #SaphSep2017 tag on tumblr, but please note that the blog is intended to remain SFW.

Middle Earth Festival (9-10 September 2017)

The Middle Earth Festival is a family friendly annual event based around Sarehole Mill, Hall Green, Birmingham, the area where Tolkien played as a child. This year it will take place on 9th and 10th September.

Oxonmoot 2017 (21-24 September 2017)

Oxonmoot is an annual event hosted by The Tolkien Society which brings together around 200 Tolkien fans, scholars, students and Society members from across the world. It has been held annually in Oxford since 1974 on a weekend close to Bilbo and Frodo’s birthday (22nd September) and is the key event in the Society’s annual calendar – if you want to come to any Tolkien event, come to Oxonmoot.

Oxonmoot is a three- or four-day event and since 1991 it has always been in a picturesque college of the University of Oxford. The college supply meals and accommodation for the weekend, so we effectively “take over” the college and enjoy an exclusively Tolkien weekend!

Oxonmoot 2017 is being held over 4 days from the afternoon of Thursday 21st September until lunch time on Sunday 24th September, at St Antony’s College.

Upper Midwest Regional Midmoot (October 7 2017)

Hawkeye Community College and the Mythgard Institute are pleased to present the inaugural 2017 Upper Midwest Regional Midmoot, a conference devoted to exploring the life and works of J.R.R. Tolkien and related artists and authors. A mixture of paper presentations and discussion sessions will be offered along with a keynote address by guest-of-honor Dr. Corey Olsen, "The Tolkien Professor." Lunch is included in the registration price, which is $10 for undergraduates and $15 for all other attendees. We anticipate, weather permitting, having lunch and enjoying Dr. Olsen's address at the Cedar Valley Arboretum with its Hobbit Hole as a backdrop. Where to register and other information will be provided soon.

The Moot will take place on Saturday, October 7 at 9 AM - 5 PM CDT. A schedule will be available on Facebook after September 6th; registration has already opened via Mythgard Institute.

Deutsche Tolkien Gesellschaft - Annual Seminar (October 2017)

Tolkien Society's sister society in Germany, Deutsche Tolkien Gesellschaft (DTG), is hosting its annual seminar from 27th to 29th October 2017 at Augsburg University with the theme “Literary Worldbuilding”. This is the 14th annual Seminar for DTG, supported by Walking Tree Publishers. To celebrate the 20th anniversary of the society, they have opened up two scholarships offering paid travel and accommodation for the duration of the event. Find out more at tolkiensociety.org.

"Celebrate Tolkien" event to be held in South Carolina (9th-10th November 2017)

A brand new event "Celebrate Tolkien", also announced by the Tolkien Society will take place at Greenville, South Caroline on the 9th and 10th of November 2017. Limited to 180 people, it will include two days of talks from artists, academics and performers, as well as games, themed-music and a pipe-smoking competition. More information also at tolkiensociety.org.

Calls for Papers

TWC Special Issue CFP: Fans of Color, Fandoms of Color (3/1/18; 3/15/19)

The editors invite the submission of short and long scholarly essays by and about people of color who self-identify as fans (“fans of color”), and about fan communities that have formed around media characters and texts that predominantly or prominently feature characters of color (“fandoms of color”). The editors are particularly eager to review contributions that involve methodological innovation, and/or draw on sources from historical periods other than the contemporary.

As both the scholars and objects fan studies have, to date, been predominantly white, we seek work from fan scholars of every ethnicity about their own experiences, and the experiences of people of color, in and with fandom.

Due date is March 1, 2018, for estimated March 2019 publication. For Submission Guidelineas and more information, visit Special Issue CFP at TWC Tumblr.

Special Issue CFP: The Future of Fandom (1/15/18; 9/15/18)

The Future of Fandom full CfP

This special 10th anniversary issue of Transformative Works and Cultures seeks to explore the future of fandom while looking back to its past. How might scholarship on fandom's past and present invite speculation about its future? And what might the possible futures invoked by technological, ecological, and political discourses mean for fandom's communities and practices? Science fiction in particular--the field whose strategies spawned fandom, and the genre in which much fan activity occurs--has used imagined futures to shed new light on the present and the past. In turn, studying where we are and where we have been allows us to imagine where we may be heading.

We invite essays that seek to historicize and contextualize fans, fan works, and fandoms across past, present, and future. Scholarship on fandom’s futures can open connections between technology and interfaces, fannish discussions and trends, fictions of imagined futures, and cultural and political changes in order to illustrate how fandoms may be understood in their historical contexts and cultural interactions.

This issue will feature a special section, “Predictions,” that will allow fans and academics to imagine fannish futures. We particularly invite personal and creative responses, including essays from the future, documenting trends that haven’t yet come to be.

Submission guidelines

Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC, http://journal.transformativeworks.org/) is an international peer-reviewed online Gold Open Access publication of the nonprofit Organization for Transformative Works copyrighted under a Creative Commons License. TWC aims to provide a publishing outlet that welcomes fan-related topics and to promote dialogue between the academic community and the fan community. TWC accommodates academic articles of varying scope as well as other forms that embrace the technical possibilities of the Web and test the limits of the genre of academic writing.

Theory: Conceptual essays. Peer review, 6,000–8,000 words.

Praxis: Case study essays. Peer review, 5,000–7,000 words.

Symposium: Short commentary. Editorial review, 1,500–2,500 words.

Please visit TWC's Web site (http://journal.transformativeworks.org/) for complete submission guidelines, or e-mail the TWC Editor (editor AT transformativeworks.org).

Due date— January 15, 2018, for estimated September 15, 2018 publication.

Special Issue CFP: Romance/Fans: Sexual Fantasy, Love, & Genre in Fandom (12/31/17; 3/15/19)

Romance/Fans: Sexual Fantasy, Love & Genre in Fandom full CfP

Romance is one of the most beloved genres of media around the world. Catherine Roach describes fans of romance fiction as ‘ludic readers... who read for play and pleasure’ (2016, 32). According to Roach, romance fandom is both ‘intensely private, as the reading experience can be, but also powerfully communitarian’ (32). Despite the popularity of romance media, romance fandoms remain relatively unaddressed within fan studies. Traditionally, the relationship between “shipping” and romance has been cast as either oppositional or ambivalent. Catherine Driscoll argues that romance “generally appears as a mute field” in studies of fan fiction (2006, 82). Romance is framed as a force that sexually explicit fan fiction responds to or acts against. This framework has a tendency to privilege certain fan works and overgeneralize popular romance genres.

This special issue aims to examine the romance/fan relationship from three directions. First, we seek to examine the relationship between fan works and romantic storytelling today. How do we theorize the flow of works, authors, and audiences between contemporary fandoms and commercial romance genres? By examining romantic texts and their producers, how might we reconsider the rich dynamism of romantic aesthetics and tropes across cultures, national contexts, and media? Next, we want to explore what constitutes a romance fan or romance fandom. What is a romance fan/fandom and how are they positioned in relation to other fan networks? Finally, we want to consider the figure of the romance fan and its construction. How do discourses depicting fans as overly romantic and hysterical frame our understandings of romance and romance fandom? How are fans able to resist these characterizations?

Submission guidelines

Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC, http://journal.transformativeworks.org/) is an international peer-reviewed online Gold Open Access publication of the nonprofit Organization for Transformative Works copyrighted under a Creative Commons License. TWC aims to provide a publishing outlet that welcomes fan-related topics and to promote dialogue between the academic community and the fan community. TWC accommodates academic articles of varying scope as well as other forms that embrace the technical possibilities of the Web and test the limits of the genre of academic writing.

Theory: Conceptual essays. Peer review, 6,000–8,000 words.

Praxis: Case study essays. Peer review, 5,000–7,000 words.

Symposium: Short commentary. Editorial review, 1,500–2,500 words.

Please visit TWC's Web site (http://journal.transformativeworks.org/) for complete submission guidelines, or e-mail the TWC Editor (editor AT transformativeworks.org).

Contact— Contact guest editor Katherine Morrissey, Athena Bellas, and Eric Selinger with any questions or inquiries at romancefans[AT]katiedidnt.net.

Due date— December 31, 2017, for estimated March 2019 publication.

CFP for Tolkien Studies at Popular Culture 2018

PCA/ACA 2018 NATIONAL CONFERENCE TOLKIEN STUDIES AREA CFP, J.W. MARRIOTT INDIANAPOLIS DOWNTOWN, INDIANAPOLIS, MARCH 28-31, 2018
SUBMISSIONS: JULY 1-OCTOBER 1

Presenting at PCA/ACA: http://pcaaca.org/national-conference/conference-details/

For information on the Tolkien Studies area, please contact:

Robin Anne Reid
Department of Literature and Languages
A&M University-Commerce
Commerce, TX 75429
Robin.Reid@tamuc.edu

Or check the Tolkien Studies at Popular Culture Public Group on Facebook.

The Tolkien Studies Area welcomes proposals for papers or sessions in any area of Tolkien Studies (the Legendarium, adaptations, reader reception and fan studies, source studies, cultural studies, tourism studies, literary studies, medieval and medievalist studies, media and marketing) from any disciplinary or interdisciplinary perspective. Sessions are scheduled in 1½ hour slots, typically with four papers or speakers per paper session. Roundtables may have five-seven speakers. Currently proposed sessions we are especially interested in filling are: Queer Tolkien Studies andThe Future of Tolkien Studies.

To submit your paper or panel proposal, go to http://ncp.pcaaca.org and follow the instructions for creating an account and making your submission. ALL submissions must be made through the conference submission site.

For individual papers, please submit a title and 100-word abstract with a working bibliography. For roundtables or complete paper sessions, please submit titles and abstracts for all papers, along with a paragraph describing the central theme and the names of chairs, participants, and respondents (if any). For each participant, please provide a mailing address, institutional affiliation, and e-mail address.

Key Dates:

Jul 1 - Database Opens for Submissions
Oct 1 - Registration Opens
Oct 1 - Deadline for Paper Proposals
Oct 15 - All Sessions Entered into the Database by Area Chairs
Nov 15 - Early Bird Registration Rate Ends
Dec 1 - Preliminary Program Available
Dec 15 - "Drop Dead" Date: Participants Not Registered Removed from Program
Jan 1, 2018 - Final Program to Publisher




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Would you like to see your group or event featured on Around the World and Web? See our Promotions Page for more details or email us at moderator@silmarillionwritersguild.org.


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